product manager hand holding out a floating box with a product in it for what is product management

What Is Product Management? A Beginner’s Guide

As you watch your favorite movie on a streaming service or start a chat with a co-worker on your company’s messaging system, have you ever wondered who helped build these digital experiences? 

The answer is many different people had a hand in each product’s development, but one of the most vital pieces to any digital experience’s formation is the product manager. 

The role of a product manager can be part of a fulfilling, exciting, and challenging career, and is ideal for people who love creating new tools and experiences for all sorts of audiences. 

So what is product management, and what makes a product manager great? In this article, you’ll learn how to get started in a product management role, how a PM fits into different types of teams, and tips on how to determine if a career in product management is right for you.

Here’s a detailed overview of what I’ll cover:

What Is Product Management?

Product management, though a critical role in product development teams, has not been a formalized position in digital companies for long, and has adapted with the growth of agile product development methodologies over time. Today, product management is defined as a role within a product development team that focuses on successfully executing the product lifecycle.

Typically, product managers are responsible for putting product management principles into action. This includes:

  • Pitching and positioning new ideas for product and feature development
  • Working with engineering and design teams to bring the product to life
  • Ensuring that each product meets the needs of the target user or customer

This is a key differentiator between product management and project management, the latter of which is more focused on the actual organization and resourcing for each initiative rather than setting the entire product vision. 

One great description of a product manager role is that the PM is like the executive chef of their product. They don’t own the restaurant, just like they are not the CEO of the company they work for (that’s more like a product owner). 

They are however, responsible for the overall success of the business’s products and outputs and shaping the vision of each feature that helps the business meet their goals and please their customers.

Why Is Product Management Important?

Product managers play a key role in launching new products and experiences for users. They serve at the intersection of UX or user experience teams, engineering teams, and business leaders, and they provide the glue that holds the shared product vision across these groups together. 

Most importantly, product managers define what success is for each product, outline the product strategy, and illustrate how it will impact both the customer and the goals of the company they work for. Without this voice of a product owner, teams would have difficulty navigating the varied interests that exist across both large and small organizations. 

Types Of Product Management Roles

While the core functions of a PM are essentially the same across all types of product management roles and product teams, there are some nuances that align with different titles and role descriptions. 

You will encounter titles that define different levels of experience in product management, such as chief product officer, product owner, and associate product manager.

Some common types of specialized product management roles you’ll see are:  

Graphics for project manager roles
There are a variety of specialized product management roles that product managers may find themselves them.

Growth Product Manager

A growth product manager is primarily focused on furthering a specific metric their company has set to measure the growth of their business. Typically, growth PMs work closely with product marketing and traditional marketing teams in order to ensure their initiatives are expanding their product reach. 

Most growth product managers run frequent short-term experiments to measure the success of their new feature or project, and pivot to new initiatives quickly in order to meet the demands of the business. Everything from copy to pricing is on the table for testing, and they may help in defining go-to-market strategies. 

Growth product managers would benefit from experience or education in digital marketing, psychology, or advertising. 

Technical Product Manager

A background in engineering or development is almost always required for technical product management roles, as this type of PM works hand in hand with engineering teams to improve things like a product’s core functionality or a company’s tech stack, security, or other parts of their digital infrastructure. 

These PMs are less focused on the appearance of a product and instead are dedicated to ensuring that its inner workings are solid. 

Often, technical product managers are career changers who started out as engineers. 

Data Product Manager

If you love working with numbers or were a math wiz in school, then a data product management role could be a great fit. Working with business analytics teams and data scientists, data PMs create use cases that organizations use to measure success for their new product and feature releases. 

Often they are responsible for ensuring that customer interactions are tracked properly across the product interface, so that other PMs or stakeholders can gain valuable insights into how users are navigating the product. 

A degree in mathematics, finance, or data science would be a great help to any aspiring data PM. 

What Does A Product Manager Do?

The day-to-day responsibilities of a product manager vary across different types of businesses. However, all product management roles entail certain universal tasks that are critical to furthering a product development lifecycle

Research 

A primary focus of a PM is the end-user of their product. Therefore, much of a product manager’s time is spent conducting and analyzing both market research and user research, either in partnership with dedicated research teams or on their own, depending on the size of their organization. 

PMs must analyze customer needs and product-market fit, and advocate for these data points to be part of the company’s prioritization discussions. Gathering customer feedback is critical to the success of a new product.

Defines Roadmap, Product Requirements, And Success

After conducting research, PMs help defines the organization’s product roadmap, which essentially documents the workflow for when and how each feature or product will be released. 

Working with project management teams, each new product build will be broken up into various incremental steps that will be executed over a set period of time-based on available resourcing and are typically broken up by a quarter. 

PMs are responsible for ensuring that the engineering team they work with manages a backlog of ideas, is prioritizing the right things and is aware of all of the requirements and steps needed to complete the product’s vision. 

Tests And Launches 

Once the development process is complete, PMs lead the testing of the new feature and often do so through setting up experiments and iterations. Sometimes large initiatives are broken up into smaller phases, such as a “beta” launch. PMs are responsible for measuring the success of each phase, and working with engineering to address any issues that arise during testing. 

Analyzes And Presents Results

When a new feature is live and in front of real customers or users, the product manager is typically responsible for communicating the successes or shortfalls of the product to business leadership. They leverage several different analytics tools and reports to ensure that the product is meeting the expectations set at the research phase. 

Tip: If you don’t like attending meetings, or prefer a role where you are less involved with a large team, then a PM role may not be for you. You will be in meetings all the time and are frequently leading the conversation and setting the agenda.

How To Start A Career In Product Management

Product management is a career that fits many types of backgrounds and skillsets. There is no linear path to get into a PM role, and it is a great option for those who are interested in technology but are not sure how to apply their past experience to a role in tech. Here are just some of the skills and tips that can help you get into a PM role

Develop User Empathy 

The most important skill to have as a PM is empathy for your user. Start to pay attention to the things that both delight and bother you about products that you use in your everyday life. What are your pain points when using the product, and how would make the experience better? This mindset is critical to your success as a product manager. 

Be A Problem Solver

Great product managers are, at their core, problem solvers, both for their users and their organization. Be sure to illustrate how you have helped solve difficult problems in past roles and experiences, and why these were important problems to solve. 

Become Hyper Organized 

Because the demands of each day as a PM can vary, they must be extremely organized. Start developing this habit early, and develop a prioritization system for things that you need to get done. Understand why you think something is more important than something else, and stick to it. A good sense of prioritization can make or break a successful product launch.

Show Leadership 

Leadership is an important quality in a product manager, as you will be responsible for owning a product vision and collaborating with a team to get things done. To build this skill, you can volunteer at a startup and apply for internships, and, most importantly, don’t be afraid to challenge yourself. PMs need to be effective at decision-making, especially in high-pressure situations. 

Demonstrate Your Interest 

It can be helpful to demonstrate your interest in product management roles by subscribing to newsletters, watching videos, or reading material on the topic. Since product management is a relatively new career path, there are not many dedicated degrees to the craft. 

There are, however, several certificates and on-demand courses you can take that can help you level up your skills and decide if a career as a PM is right for you. These courses are a great way to brush up on typical product terminology, such as “agile” or “scrum.”

Conclusion

Product managers live at the intersection of technology and business leaders and play a critical role in ensuring that new features are a success for both their organization and their customers. For those with a passion for teamwork, strategic thinking, and creating awesome experiences for people, product management could be an extremely rewarding career choice.

Want to become a product manager? Subscribe to our newsletter and gain helpful insights into building your career as a PM, and join the waitlist for our product community — a space where product managers can network and discuss trends and topics in product management.